Top 4 Targets for Fly Control Success


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One of the keys to a good defense against flies on any cattle or dairy operation is to know which flies are causing problems and affecting herd health.

In cattle production, four key fly species are considered to be the most economically significant: the horn fly, face fly, stable fly, and house fly. A variety of products created specifically for fly control are available, including on-animal treatments, facility and environmental treatments, and feed-through products.
Horn Flies graphic
Stable flies graphic
House flies graphic
Face flies graphic
Fly table graphic

Access a text version of graphics.


Boxler D. (2017). Managing horn flies. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Beefwatch. Available at: Accessed December 5, 2017.

Campbell J. (1993). Horn fly control on cattle. University of Nebraska-Lincoln website. Available at: Accessed December 4, 2017.

Taylor DB, Moon RD, Mark DR. (2012). Economic impact of stable flies on dairy and beef cattle production. J Med Entomol. 49(1):198-209.

Campbell JB. (2006). Stably fly control on cattle. University of Nebraska-Lincoln Institute of Agriculture and natural Resource website. Available at: Accessed January 9, 2018.

Boxler D. (2017). Managing stable flies on pastured cattle. University of Nebraska-Lincoln BeefWatch. June 1, 2017. Available at: Accessed December 5, 2017.

Neel JB, Burgess G, Hopkins F. Controlling parasites of beef cattle improves performance and value. University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Center. Available at: Accessed December 7, 2017.

Rolston M, Johnson G. (2017). Face flies on cattle, biology and management. Montana State University website. Available at Accessed December 11, 2017.

Watson D. (2012). Flies impacting livestock, poultry and food safety. USDA Research, Education and Economics Information System website. Available at: ies-impacting-livestock-poultry-and-food-safety.html. Accessed February 27, 2018.